高考英语考点——强调句

考点解读

强调句知识结构:

强调句型的构成是:It is (was) + 被强调部分+ that (who) + 句子的其他成分。被强调的部分放在 It is (was) 之后,其它部分置于that之后。被强调部分可以是主语,宾语,表语或状语。强调的主语如果是人,可以由who代替that。*网

1.被强调的成分举例:

  •   原句:Tom found my pen in the classroom yesterday.
  •   强调主语:It was Tom who / that found my pen in the classroom yesterday.
  •   强调宾语:It was my pen that Tom found in the classroom yesterday.
  •   强调地点状语:It was in the classroom that Tom found my pen yesterday.
  •   强调时间状语:It was yesterday that Tom found my pen in the classroom.

2.强调句型的一般疑问式:

直接把is或was提到it之前即可。如:

Was it Tom that found your pen in the classroom yesterday?

3.强调句型的特殊疑问式:

特殊疑问词+ is (was) it + that +句子的其他成分。特殊疑问词即是被强调的成分。如:

Who was it that found your pen in the classroom yesterday?

4.that (who) 有时可以省略:

这种强调句型中的that或who有时可以省略。如:

It was my brother (that / whom) you saw the other day.

5.强调原因状语从句要注意:

若从句由as或since引导,强调时则改为because,这是因为,because引导的原因从句表示的意义非常强烈,符合强调句的目的。例如:

As she got up late, she missed the first bus. 变为:

It was because she got up late that she missed the bus.

6. 强调句的否定转移:

有些否定句在变成强调句时,要把否定转移到被强调的词语之前。尤其是not… until…;句式的强调要特别注意。例如:

He didn’t realize his mistake until the teacher had told him. 变为:

It wasn’t until the teacher had told him that he realized his mistake.

【注意】 在强调句式中,虽然not被提前,但not… until…句型不要倒装。

高考中强调句型考查热点

考向一 强调句型的基本结构

强调句型It is / was + 被强调的成份 + that + 其他成份;用来强调主语、宾语和状语等成份。that只起连接作用,不作成份,但不能省略。有时强调的部分比较特殊,如主语从句、状语从句、名词、不定式短语、V-ing的复合结构等。如:

It was in the library that I saw her yesterday. 我昨天正是在图书馆见到她的。

1.(2018·天津卷·单项填空)It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house ___________we saw Lily in the passenger seat.

A.which B. that

C.when D. where

【答案】B

2.(2016·天津卷·单项填空)You are waiting at a wrong place. It is at the hotel __________ the coach picks up tourists.

a.who        B. which         C. where      D. that

【答案】D

【解析】句意:你在一个错误的地方等待。大客车是在旅店接送游客的。本题考查强调句,强调句型结构是:It is/was+强调部分+that+其余部分,如果强调部分是人,也可以用who,这句话强调的是地点状语at the hotel。故选D。

3.It was the culture, rather than the language, _________made it hard for him to adapt to the new environment abroad

A.where     B. why     C. that     D. what

【答案】C

考向二 特殊句式中的强调句型

1.如果强调的是特殊疑问句中的疑问词,表示到底、究竟等语气时,就用如下结构:

特殊疑问词 + is / was + it + that + 该句的其余部分。如:

How is it that you usually go to work? 你通常是怎样去上班的?

2.在强调not… until结构中由until所引导的短语(或从句)作时间状语时,要用固定的强调句型:It + is / was + not until… + that + 该句的其余部分,that所引导的从句中的谓语动词用肯定式。如:

His father didn’t come back from work until 12o’clock. = It was not until 12 o’clock that his father came home form work.

直到12点他的爸爸才下班回家。

1.Bach died in 1750, but it was not until the early 19th century____ his musical gift was fully recognized.

A.while B. though      C. that             D. after

【答案】C

【解析】  句意:马赫死于1750年,但直到19世纪他的音乐天赋才被承认。强调句与not until 连用。It be not until that … 故选C项。

2.Was it because Jack came late for school ____________ Mr. Smith got angry?

A.why                         B. who                  C. where               D. that

【答案】D

考向三 强调句型与时间状语从句、定语从句的判断

强调句型要注意和it代表时间、距离、温度、自然现象、具体事物或人物等时所构成的各种句型的区别。试比较:

It was on March 1 that I had my hair cut. (强调句)

It was March 1 when I had my hair cut. (后面是定语从句)

判断是否是强调句,可采用还原法。如果还原为一般句式后,句子各种成份完整,则是强调句。否则不是。如第一句可还原成:I had my hair cut on March 1.

题组一 能力过关

单项填空

1.It’s not doing the things we like, but liking the things we have to do ___ makes life  happy.

A. that which

C.what D. who

2. It was with the help of the local guide  ________  the mountain climber was rescued.

A. who    B. that

C.when     D. how

3. It was only after he had read the papers  ________  Mr. Gross realized the task before him was extremely difficult to complete.

A. when   that

C.which   D. what

4.It was not until near the end of the letter ________ she mentioned her own plan.

A.that   B. where

C. why   D. when

5.It was ten o’clock _________ he came back home.

A.when B. that

C.since D. after

6.It was not until he came back _________ he knew the police were looking for him.

A.which B. since

C.that D. before

7."Was it under the tree ________ you were away talking to a friend?" "Sure. But when I got back there, the bike was gone.

A.that B. where

C.which D. while

8.It’s more than half a century ________ my grandfather joined the Party and became a servant to the people.

A.when B. that

C.since D. while

9.It was lack of money, not of effort, _____ defeated their plan.

A.which B. as

C. that D. when

II.短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  1. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When I look at this picture of myself, I realize of how fast time flies. I had grown not only physically, and also mentally in the past few years. About one month after this photo was took, I entered my second year of high school and become a new member of the school music club. Around me in picture are the things they were very important in my life at that time: car magazines and musical instruments. I enjoyed studying difference kinds of cars and planes, playing pop music, and collecting the late music albums. This picture often brings back to me many happy memories of your high school days.

题组二 体验真题

1.(2016·天津卷·单项填空)It was when I got back to my apartment ___________ I first came across my new neighbors.

A.who     B. where    C. which     D. that

2.(2016·上海卷·语法填空)But like so many other things, it is only too much stress (34) _______ does you harm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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