1.there be 句型：
There are many students in the classroom.教室里有许多学生。
Long, long ago there lived a king who loved horses very much.
There happened to be nobody in the bedroom when the fire broke out.
John opened the door. There _________ he had never seen before.
A.a girl did stand B. a girl stood
C.did a girl stand D. stood a girl
Here comes Mary. → I can see Mary coming.玛丽来了。
There goes the bell. 铃响了。→I can hear the bell ringing.
Here comes the bus.汽车来了。
There he comes.他来了。
Here are some story books I want. →Here is what you asked for，or you are looking for.这就是我要的故事书。（我找了好久）
Here we are. This is the station.咱们到了，这就是火车站。
＂Give me some paper.＂ ＂Here you are.＂＂给我点纸。＂ ＂给你。＂
Then came a new difficulty. 然后产生了一个新的困难。
Then followed eight years of the Anti-Japanese War.接着是八年抗战。
4.out，in，up, down，away之类的副词作状语放在句首，主语比较长，也就是说主语不能是很短的人称代词，谓语为不及物动词come， go，run ,rush，etc。句式为：副词＋vi.＋主语（必须是名词）。如：
Out rushed the tiger from among the bushes.老虎从灌木丛里冲了出来。
In came the rose fragrance through the windows.玫瑰花香透过窗户飘了进来。
In the middle of our school stands a high building.在学校中央有一座高楼。
At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest cities in China.
A.lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies
C.does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie
Gone are the days when the teachers were looked down upon.
On the both sides of the street are beautiful flowers.街道两旁有美丽的花。
South of city are two big lakes.城市的两边有两个大湖。
＂They must be in the fields now,＂ thought Xiao Lin.＂他们准是下地了。＂小林想道。
＂Help! Help!＂ cried the little girl.小姑娘叫道：＂救命！救命！＂
＂Take your seats，gentlemen,＂ Wilson shouted.威尔逊嚷道：＂先生们坐好。＂
1.＂only＋副词/ 介词短语/ 状语从句＂开头的句子。如：
Only then did I realize the importance of English.
Only in this way can you make progress in your English.
Only after talking to two students ________ that having strong motivation is one of the biggest factors in reaching goals.
A.I did discover B. did I discover
C.I discovered D. discovered
副词only置于句首， 强调方式状语、 条件状语、 地点状语、 时间状语等状语时， 主句要进行部分倒装。 但若位于句首的不是only+状语，而是only+宾语等，通常则无需倒装。
►Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.在被邀请了三次之后，他才出席会议。
►Only in this way can you master English.只有用这种方式你才能掌握英语。
►Only when he returned did we find out the truth.只有当他返回时，我们才能发现真相。
表示否定的副词never，nor，neither,表示半否定意义的副词hardly，few，seldom，little，含有no和not的词组by no means（决不），in no time（很快），at no time（在任何时候都不），（在任何情况下都不）not until，not only…but also，no sooner…than＝hardly…when/scarcely…
Never have I been in this city.我从没到过这座城市。
Little/Seldom do I watch TV.我很少看电视。
Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted.
（2016·江苏卷）Not until recently ________ the development of tourist-related activities in the rural areas.
A.they had encouraged B. had they encouraged
C.did they encourage D. they encouraged
2.I’ve tried very hard to improve my English.But by no means _________ with my progress.
A.the teacher is not satisfied B.is the teacher not satisfied
C.the teacher is satisfied D.is the teacher satisfied
Society has changed and so have the people in it.社会变了，人也变了。
—Tom works hard.汤姆工作很卖力。
—So he does and so do you.的确如此，你也是。
If you don’t go，neither/nor shall I.（If you don’t go，I shall not go.）你不去，我也不去。
注意：表示前面的多种情况也适合于另一人或物，或者既有肯定又有否定情况或涉及到不同类型的动词时可用：It is the same with sth./sb.或 So it is with sth./sb.句型。
She does well in English，but is poor in maths. So it is with Lucy.
—Why, this is nothing but common vegetable soup!
—________， madam. It’s our soup of the day.
A.Let me see B. So it is
C.Don’t mention it D. Neither do I
Clever as he is，he doesn’t study well.
Child as he is， he knows a lot.
Much as I like it，I won’t buy it.
Try as she might， she failed.
________, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting.
A.Strange as might it sound B.As it might sound strange
C.As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound
So loudly did he speak that everyone could hear him.
________ about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research.
A. So curious the couple was B. So curious were the couple
C.How curious the couple were D.The couple was such curious
【解析】句意：这对夫妇对于野生植物是那样的好奇；以致于他们决定去马达加斯加进一步研究。主语是couple, 所以谓语用复数形式；该句子用部分倒装， so修饰的形容词或副词提到句首。
If it hadn’t been for their help，we couldn’t have finished the work on time.
＝Hadn’t it been for their help，we couldn’t have finished the work on time.
If there should be a flood，what would we do?
＝Should there be a flood，what would we do?
________ the morning train, he would not have been late for the meeting.
A.Did he catch B. should be catch
C.has he caught D. Had he caught
7.频度副词及短语often，always，now and then ，many a time ，every other day等放在句首时有时也倒装。
Many a time has he come to comfort me.他来安慰了我好多次。
Often did he warn them not to do so.他经常告诫他们不要那样去做。
May you succeed.祝你成功！
Long live the Communist Party of China!中国共产党万岁！
1. ________(as, strange, may, sound, it), I was very pleased it was over.
2. Short ________(it, is，as), China’s first ＂space class＂ conveys so much knowledge and is certainly of great importance.
3. ________had she begun________she heard someone running up the stairs.
4.________(I, spend) more time on my studies instead of being addicted to computer games, I would be working in a chain company of Microsoft.
5. －Under no circumstances________(you, leave) the door to the Data Centre unlocked.
－I promise I’ll be more careful in future.
6. Only when the last tree has died and the last river has been poisoned________(we，realize) we cannot eat money.
7. If a healthy environment is gone, ________ everything that our life depends on.（……也如此)
1.—OK, here ___________.
—Thank you for your lift. See you later.
A.are we B. is it
C.we are D.comes it
2.So ________ sometimes in trying to accomplish something big _______ we fail to notice the little things that give life its magic.
A.we get caught up; as B.do we get caught up; that
C.caught up get we; as D.caught up do we get; that
3.China opened its door to the outside world in 1978. ________ that had far-reaching effects.
A.Did a new development come then
B.Then came a new development
C.Came then a new development
D.Then did a new development come
4.________ book of this writer is East and West.
A.Known to be the best B.Known as the best
C.As the best known D.It was the best known
5.I failed in the final exam last term and only then the importance of study.
A.I realized B.I realize
C.had I realized D.did I realize
6.In the lecture hall .
A.seats a professor B.a professor seats
C.sits a professor D.a professor sits
7.Never once _________ with each other since they were married 40 years ago
A.did the old couple quarrel B.have the couple quarreled
C.quarreled the couple D.would the couple quarrel
8._________ what would happen the following day, they would have reconsidered their thoughts.
A.Did they know B.Were they to know
C.Had they known D.should they know
9.I went to the classroom as usual. But there, next to my desk, ______ I had never seen before.
A.a girl did sit B.a girl sat
C.did a girl sit D.sat a girl
10.We won’t think of human clones and any reason to suggest that we are closer to producing them today than we were yesterday.
A.neither there is B.neither there was
C.nor is there D.nor was there
Dear Ms Wood,
I’m Li Hua, one of your student in China. It’s almost a year before you left us. We all miss you and are very gratefully for what you did for us. The other day our school hold an English speech competition and I won first prize. What’s worse, it again reminded me all your kind help. Yesterday we went to water the trees planting on the hill behind the school. The tree you planted is growing good, and the whole class decided to name it Sue Wood in our honor.
We are eager to know more about you. Hope to keep in the close touch with you.
1.(2015·天津) Only when Lily walked into the office ______ that she had left the contract at home.
A.she realized B. has she realized
C.she has realized D. did she realize
2.（2014 • 全国大纲卷）________ the nurses want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as well.
A.Not do only B. Do not only
C.Only not do D. Not only do
3.（2014·陕西）No sooner ________ stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause.
A.had Mo Yan B. Mo Yan had
C.has Mo Yan D. Mo Yan has
4.（2014 • 湖南）Only when you can find peace in your heart ________ good relationships with others.
A.will you keep B. you will keep
C.youkept D. did you keep