☞That they are good at English is known to us all.
☞The problem is that we don’t have enough money.
☞The report that there will be a severe storm in the northern area is false.
☞He judged that，because he was a child，he did not understand wine.
☞The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do.
☞Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried.
☞It’s a shame that he has made such a mistake.
☞I will do what I can (do) to help him.
☞They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again.(同位语从句)
☞The hope they expressed is that they would come to visit China again.(定语从句)
It all depends on whether they will come back.
(2)后面直接跟or not 时用whether。
☞I didn’t know whether or not he had arrived in Wuhan.
☞Whether the meeting will be put off has not been decided yet.
☞The question is whether they have so much money.
☞We ought to discuss carefully the question whether we can do it or not.
☞The question of whether they are male or female is not important.
☞I have not decided whether to go or not.
☞Thank you，but whether I’ll be free I’m not sure at the moment.
☞Whether he comes or not，we will begin our party on time.
☞Whoever breaks the rule must be punished.
☞You can choose whatever you like in the shop.
☞Whoever breaks the rule，he must be punished.
☞Whatever you do，you must do it well.
☞No matter what you do，you must put your heart into it.
☞No matter who comes late，he must be punished.
☞They put forward the question where they could get the money.(同位语从句)
☞This is the place where the accident happened.(定语从句)
The teacher told the students (that) they should hand in their homework the next day and that the homework must be signed names by their parents.
Little Alice didn’t know, I’m sure, that her sister was going to America.
—What did he say? 他说了什么
—That he would visit the Great Wall. (他说)他将会参观长城。
Jane realized at once that she must do with it herself. 珍立刻意识到她必须亲自处理那件事。(如省略that，at once也可能修饰从句，是表示＂立刻意识到……＂，还是表示＂立刻去处理……＂，较为含糊)
（5） 当that 宾语从句中的状语部分位于从句的前部时，that不宜省略。如：
☞Tom promised that if he could earn as much as 500 dollars in this month, he would buy a computer for his brother. 汤姆许下诺言，如果他在这个月里能够赚到500美元，他就给他的弟弟买台电脑。
☞I will never tell anyone that you have ever been there.
That they would take the risk was very clear. 他们将要冒这个险是很清楚的了。
（8）当主句中的谓语动词是固定词组时，其宾语that从句中的 that 不宜省略。如：
☞Mary has made up her mind that she will study hard for the scholarship, so she can have the chance to go abroad for further study.
（9）当that 宾语从句前有 it作其形式宾语时，that不可省略。如：
We think it important that college students should master at least one foreign language.
☞He heard the news that his team had won.
☞There is a feeling in me that they are cheating me.
The doctor said that taking exercise was the best way of losing weight.
☞That she will succeed is certain.
☞It is certain that she will succeed.
注意：(1)在＂It is necessary/important/strange/natural…＋that从句＂结构中，从句谓语常用＂(should＋)动词原形＂形式。
☞What is needed has been bought.
☞All that is needed has been bought.
☞It is known to all that China has joined the WTO.
As is known to all, China has joined the WTO.
What is known to all is that China has joined the WTO.
1.(2018·天津卷·单项填空)The gold medal will be awarded ___________to wins the first place in the bicycle race.
2.（2017·北京卷·单项填空） Every year, ________ makes the most beautiful kite will win a prize in the Kite Festival.
A. whatever B. whoever
C. whomever D. whichever
【答案解析】考查主语从句。分析句子结构可知，________ makes the most beautiful kite作主语，且所填词指人，既作从句的主语又作主句的主语，所以选 whoever(whomever不能作主语)。句意：每年， 在风筝节上风筝做得最漂亮的人都会赢得奖品。
3.（2016·江苏卷·单项填空）It is often the case ____________ anything is possible for those who hang on to hope.
A.why B.what C. as D. that
I think (that) you should turn to the teacher for help. 我认为你应该向老师寻求帮助。
I don’t know if/whether he still lives here after so many years. 我不知道这么多年后他是否还住在这儿。
She asked me whose handwriting was the best in the class. 她问我班上谁的书法最好。
I’ll just say whatever comes into my mind. 我想到什么就说什么。
Do you know when the ancient Olympic Games began? 你知道古代的奥运会是什么时间开始的吗?
I’ve been thinking about how we can make the newspaper more interesting. 我一直在考虑如何使我们的报纸更用趣。
He asked me when we could set out the next day. 他问我第二天什么时候可以出发。
Did you find out where she lost her car? 你查出她在哪里丢的车了吗?
She says (that) she works from Monday to Friday. 她说她周一至周五上班。(从句是一般现在时)
she says (that) she will leave a message on his desk. 她说她要在他桌子上留个便条。(从句是一般将来时)
She says (that) she has never been to Mount Emei. 她说她从来没有去过峨眉山。(从句是现在完成时)
He said there were no classes yesterday afternoon. 他说昨天下午没有课。(从句是一般过去时)
He said that he was going to take care of the baby. 他说他会去照看这个婴儿。(从句是过去将来时)
He said that they were having a meeting at that time. 他说他们那时正在开会。(从句是过去进行时)
The teacher told us that nothing is difficult if we put our hearts into it. 老师告诉我们世上无难事，只怕有心人。
He said that light travels much faster than sound. 他说光比声音传播得快。
I think it necessary that we take plenty of boiled water every day. 我认为每天多喝开水是有必要的。
I have made it a rule that I keep diaries. 我每天写日记成了惯例。
②hate，like，take，owe，have，take for granted等表示＂喜欢；痛恨；认为＂的动词或动词短语和see to表示＂注意，留意＂后有宾语补足语时，需要用it作形式宾语而将宾语从句后置。
I hate it when they talk with their mouth full of food. 我讨厌他们满嘴食物说话。
When you start the engine, you must see to it that the car is in neutral. 启动发动机时，一定要使汽车的离合器处于空档位置。
She is always thinking of how she can do more for others. 她总想着如何才能为别人做得更多。
We are talking about whether we admit students into our club.
I don’t think I know you. 我想我并不认识你。
I don’t believe he will come. 我相信他不会来。
1.（2018·全国新课标卷II·短文改错）The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life.
2.（2018·全国新课标卷III·语法填空）I’m not sure _____61_____ is more frightened, me or the female gorilla(大猩猩）that suddenly appears out of nowhere. I’m walking on a path in the forest in the Central African Republic.
3.(2017·天津卷·单项填空)She asked me ________ I had returned the books to the library, and I admitted that I hadn’t.
A. when B. where
C. whether D. what
4.（2016·全国新课标卷I·短文改错）My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live.
【参考答案】that → where
☞The reason for his absence is that he hasn’t been informed. 他缺席的原因就是他没接到通知。
☞The question remains whether they will be able to help us. 问题还是他们能否帮我们。
☞The problem is who will take charge of this shop. 问题是谁将接管这家店铺。
☞That is when I realized the importance of journalism. 那时我才意识到新闻工作的重要性。
（1）as/as if/as though引导的表语从句常跟在特定动词后面，如seem，appear，look，taste，sound，feel等。
☞It sounds as if someone is knocking at the door. 听上去好像有人在敲门。
☞At that time, it seemed as though I couldn’t think of the right word. 当时我似乎怎么也想不出一个恰当的字眼来。
（2）当主句的主语是reason时，表语从句一般由that引导，这种用法常见于句型The reason why… is that…
☞The reason why he came late was that he got up late. 他来得晚是因为起床晚了。
1.(2018·北京卷·单项填空) Without his support, we wouldn’t be _________ we are now.
A.how B. when C. where D. why
2.（2016·北京卷·单项填空） The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is ________ one can be entirely free from dust.
A.what B. that C. whether D. why
1.同位语从句跟在名词后面，进一步解释、说明该名词的具体内容。同位语从句常跟在名词idea, fact, news, hope, thought,suggestion等抽象名词之后；
4.连接代词who(m), which, what，whose在从句中作主语、宾语、表语或定语；
5.连接副词where, when, why, how在从句作状语。
☞The story goes that William Tell did kill the king with that sword.
7.若被同位语从句说明的名词是：advice, suggestion, proposal(建议), demand, request, requirement, order(命令)等表示建议、命令、要求的词时，同位语从句的谓语用”(should)+do”。
1.The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief you are better than anyone else on the sports field.
C.which D. whether
2.News came from the school office ______ Wang Lin had been admitted to Peking University.
A.which B. that
C.what D. where
【答案解析】考查同位语从句。本题属于分割式同位语从句，谓语came较短，同位语从句较长，名词和同位语从句被from the school office 分开，that 引导同位语从句Wang Lin had been admitted to Beijing University解释news的内容，在句中起引导作用，没有具体的意思。故选B。
1.（2017·新课标卷I）The homeowner called to say ________the parents had responded to the recordings..
2.（2017·新课标卷I）What I’m hoping to accomplish is ________ my generation and younger start to reconsider and understand _________ jazz is not black and write anymore.
3.（2017·新课标卷III）The Yellowstone wolf project has been a valuable experiment to help biologists decide _________ to reintroduce wolves to other parts of the country as well.
4.（2017·北京卷）What could be more fun than a gift that keeps coming through the letterbox every month?
5.He hasn’t made ________ known when he is going to get married.
6.The police went to the suspect’s house and searched for ________ they could find to prove him guilty.
7.The question ________ it is right or wrong depends on the result.
8.As the spokeswoman said，________ we should take action against them depends on what they will do.
9.—Something should be done to improve the worsening air quality.
—Yes.________ pollutes the air shall pay a high price.
10.The news ________ we are having a holiday tomorrow is not true.
1.After looking at the toy for some time，he turned around and found where his parents were missing.
2.Whoever was responsible for the accident is not yet clear.
3.We never doubt whether he is honest.
4.If she comes or not doesn’t concern me.
5.I feel it a terrible thing which my mother should have to toil so endlessly.
6.The fact is what he didn’t notice the car until too late.
7.The reason why he was late was because he didn’t catch the early bus.
8.Your brother’s health is not which it used to be.
9.Obviously there was little probability which they would succeed，but they didn’t mind.
10.The proposal has been put forward what the flight should be cancelled.
1.______________ Tom will win the computer competition remains a secret till next Monday.
2.______________ that the Chinese government plans to end its one-child policy and instead let families have two children.
A.It was reported B.What was reported
C.It has reported D.As was reported
3.It is said ______________ the picture shows a Chinese girl standing by the river under a tree, seemingly listening to a bird singing.
4.He asked ______________.
A.how much did the iPhone 7 cost B.how much the iPhone 7 costs
C.what was the price of the iPhone 7 D.what the price of iPhone 7 was
5.There will be a bow and arrow competition ______________ to retell ______________ the Plains Indians used to hunt for food.
6.People are now eager to find out ______________ the little boy survived the terrible disaster.
A.how is it that B.that it is how
C.that is it how D.how it is that
7.He was seriously ill. That is ______________ he didn’t come yesterday.
A.why B.the reason C.because D.for what
8.The reason why you get into a panic is ______________ you haven’t been well prepared for what’s going to happen.
A.that B.what C.why D.because
9._________difficult the task may be, we must finish it on time, because there is a possibility_________ we’ll be fired if we can’t.
A.Whatever; that B.However; that
C.Whatever; which D.However; as
10._________he told Tom’s parents was the news _________Tom had been admitted to a key university, _________, of course, made them feel very excited.
A.What; which; which B.That; that; which
C.What; that; which D.That; that; what
I am going to tell you an unbelievable thing __1__happened in my restaurant today.
This afternoon a poorly－dressed gentleman came into my restaurant. Nobody knew __2__he was. We wondered __3__he was so hungry. We were surprised __4__he finished two orders of food in a very limited time.We doubted __5__the man was able to pay the bill. The gentleman asked __6__we would mind waiting for just a few minutes. Then we were shocked to see__7__he took out of an envelope—a million pound bank note.
I asked Mr. Clements__8__it was genuine. Mr.Clements said it was true because two of this amount had been issued by the Bank of England this year. He thought __9__the gentleman showed them couldn’t be a fake.
__10__a gentleman with a million pound note was in rags and ate in our small restaurant was a big puzzle to all the people there. I really couldn’t describe how excited I was.
Dear helpful Hannah,
I’ve got a problem with my husband, Sam. He bought a smart phone last month and took it during our holiday. He has a constant urge 1 (check) text messages. He’s so addicted to it that he checks his phone every five minutes! He checks it at 2 (appropriate) times like when we are eating in a restaurant and I am talking to him! He 3 (behave) as if any small amount of boredom can make him feel the need to check his phone, even when he knows he shouldn’t. The temptation to see 4 is connecting him is just too great. When I ask him to put down the phone, he says, “In a minute” , 5 still checks to see if someone has posted something new on the Internet. Our life 6 (interrupt). It is clear that his dependency on the smart phone has become more than 7 everyday problem.
I 8 (recent) read an article about “nomophobia”, which is a real 9 (ill) — people can’t stand the fear of having no phones! I am worried that Sam maybe suffering 10 this illness because he feels anxious if he doesn’t have his phone with him, even for a short time.
Would you please tell me what I can do to help him?
Sick and Tired Sadie
1.(2018·北京) This is _________ my father has taught me—to always face difficulties and hope for the best.
A.how B. which C. that D. what
2.(2018·江苏) By boat is the only way to get here, which is _______ we arrived.
A.where B. when C. why D. how
3.(2017·江苏) We choose this hotel because the price for a night here is down to $20，half of ________ it used to charge.
A.that B. which
C.what D. how
4.（2016·北京）Your support is important to our work. ______________ you can do helps.
A.However B. Whoever
C.Whatever D. Wherever
5.（2015·北京）I truly believe ______________ beauty comes from within.
A.that B. where
C.what D. why
6.(2016·江苏)It is often the case _________ anything is possible for those who hang on to hope.
A.why B. what C. as D. that
7. (2016·四川)_________you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company.
A. When B. How C. What D. That
8. (2014北京)Some people believe _________ has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future.
A.whatever B. whenever. C. wherever D. however
9.(2016·天津) The manager put forward a suggestion _________ we should have an assistant. There is too much work to do.
A.whether B. that C. which D. what
10. (2016·上海)Eventually, I decided to follow her and _________happened truly amazed me. She was taking the food to the refugee camp, in which she distributed it to children.