高考英语考点——关系副词引导的定语从句

考点解读

关系副词引导的定语从句

1.关系副词when,where,why的先行词是表示时间、地点或原因(一般为reason)的名词,在从句中作状语。有时可用"介词+which"结构替换。

☞I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing.

我还记得我第一次来北京的那天。

2.当定语从句中缺少主语或宾语时,即使先行词是表示时间、地点和原因的词仍用which/that。

☞Is this the reason (that) he explained for his rudeness at the meeting?

这是他在会议上解释的无礼的原因吗?

3.当先行词为一些表示抽象地点的名词,如:point,situation,case,stage等,如果引导词在从句中作状语,常用关系副词where引导定语从句;如果不作状语,则用关系代词that/which。

☞The media can often help solve problems and draw attention to situations where help is needed.

媒体经常能够帮助解决问题,把注意力吸引到需要帮助的情况。

关系代词和关系副词的选择

1.(2018·江苏卷·单项填空) Self-driving is an area _______China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line.

A.that B. where

C.which D. when

【参考答案】B

【答案解析】考查定语从句。句意:自动驾驶是一个中国和世界其它国家都在同一起跑线的领域。句中先行词为area,在从句中作地点状语,故用关系副词where,相当于in which。故选B。

2.(2018·新课标II卷·短文改错)They also had a small pond which they raised fish.

【参考答案】which前加in 或which改为where

3.(2016·天津卷·单项填空)We will put off the picnic in the park until next week,             the weather may be better.

A.that B. where C. which D. when

【参考答案】D

【试题解析】句意:我们将把公园的野餐推迟到下个星期,那时天气可能会更好。这是一个定语从句,先行词是next week,定语从句缺少时间状语,所以用关系副词when引导。故选D。

【易错提醒】

当先行词是时间名词时,既可以用when引导定语从句,也可以用that或which引导定语从句,关键要看关系词在从句中作何种成分。若关系词在定语从句中充当状语,用when引导;若关系词在从句中充当主语或宾语,则用that或which引导。如:

☛Do you remember the days when we chatted with each other all night?

你还记得我们整夜聊天的那些日子吗?(when在从句中作状语)

☛Do you remember the days that/which we spent together on the farm?

你还记得我们在农场一起度过的那些日子吗?(that或which作spent的宾语)

4.Experiments with domestic dogs,             one animal was given a treat and another denied, have shown that they possess a sense of fairness as they shared their treats.

A.what B.where C. that D. which

【参考答案】B

【答案解析】考查非限定性定语从句。句意:用家犬做试验,试验中一只给了食物,而另一只没有,这表明了它们有一种分享食物的公平感。分析句子结构可知,先行词是Experiments,where在非限制性定语从句中作地点状语,表示抽象地点,where相当于in which。故选B。

【易错提醒】

1.当先行词为地点名词时,如果关系词在从句中作主语或宾语,则用that或which引导。如:

☛This is the house which/that was built by my grandfather forty years ago.

这是我爷爷在40年前建造的房子。(定语从句中缺少主语,所以要用which/that,而不用where)

2.当position,point,case,stage,situation,atmosphere等表示抽象地点的名词充当先行词时,若定语从句中缺少状语,则用where来引导。如:

☛It’s helpful to put children in a situation where they can see themselves differently.

把孩子们放在一个能够让他们从不同角度看待自己的环境中对他们很有帮助。*网

3.关系副词why指原因,代替先行词并在定语从句中作原因状语,其先行词一般是reason。

☛Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our help? 这是他拒绝我们帮助的理由吗?

A.Do you know the reason            Mary is crying?

C.when B. where C. why D. that

【参考答案】C

【易错提醒】

若代替先行词reason的关系词在定语从句中不作状语,而是充当主语或宾语,则用that或which来引导定语从句。如:

☛I won’t listen to the reason that/which you have given us. 我坚决不听你给我们的那个理由。(定语从句中缺少宾语,所以要用which/that,而不用why)

题组一 基础过关

I. 适当的关系词填空

1.Do you remember the scene ________ Cao Cao and Liu Bei were drinking?

2.I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake.

3. I will never forget the days ________ I was taken good care of in that village.

4Do you know the reason John is so angry?

5.None of us know the reason ________ Tom was absent from the meeting.

6.The reason ________________ he explained at the meeting for his absence didn’t make sense.

7.I still remember the night ________ she left the house.

8.However, this was a time one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg.

9.Today we have reached a stage            we have almost no rights at all.

10.The daysare gone             physical strength was all you needed to make a living.

题组二能力提升

I.单项填空

1.Experiments with domestic dogs,            one animal was given a treat and another denied, have shown that they possess a sense of fairness as they shared their treats.

A.what B.where C. that D. which

2.Do you know the reason             Mary is crying?

A.when B. where C. why D. that

3.The latest trend is the "A4 waist challenge"            women take photos with a A4-sized paper placed in front of their midriffs (上腹部).

A.which B.where C. when D. as

4. The exact year__________ Angela and her family spent together in China was 2008.

A.When           B. where         C. why               D. which

5.Miss Li found herself in an embarrassing position she didn’t know which side she should support.

A.where B. that C. which D. when

6. —Can you believe I had to pay 30 dollars for a haircut?

—You should try the barber’s             I go. It’s only $15.

A.as        B. which        C. where        D. that

7. Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planetlife has developed gradually.

A.that      B. where         C. which        D. whose

8. Great changes have taken place since then in the factory we are working.

A.where       B. that           C. which       D. there

II.语法填空

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top   1  (attract).

So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I   2 allow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be   3  (official) given to me at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back   4  my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s,  5  I was the first Western TV reporter  6   (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include   7  (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.

On my recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by   8   (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few   9  ( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed,  10  other is with mum-she never suspects.

题组三体验真题

1.(2015·北京)Opposite is St. Paul’s Church, _________ you can hear some lovely music.

A.which B. that C. when D. where

2.(2015·陕西) As the smallest child of his family, Alex is always longing for the time    __  he should be able to be independent.

A.which     B. where    C. whom       D. when

3.(2014·浙江)I don’t become a serious climber until the fifth grade, ______ I went up to rescue a kite that was stuck in the branches of a tree.

A.  when        B. where       C. which       D. why

4.(2015·天津)The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere his employees enjoy their work.

A.where B. which C. when D. who

高考英语

高考英语考点——关系代词引导的定语从句

2019-12-23 10:11:36

高考英语

高考英语考点——限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句

2019-12-25 9:47:34

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