高考英语考点——阅读理解细节理解题

考点解读

在历年高考阅读理解中,对细节理解类题型的考查同往年一样,依然占了较大的比例,全国及各省、市均有对此题型的考查,无一例外。

细节理解题要求考生对阅读材料中的某一具体事实和细节进行理解。它们大都是根据文章中的具体信息如事实、例证、原因、过程、论述等进行提问的。有些问题可以在文章中直接找到答案,有些则需要我们在理解的基础上将有关内容系统化才能找到,比如计算、排序、是非判断、图形比较等。

常见的命题方式通常有:

1.特殊疑问句形式。以when, where, what, which, who, how much/many等疑问词开头引出的问题;

2.以是非题的形式。true /false, not true / false或EXCEPT,近年这种题型较少;

3.以According to… 开头提问方式

4.以填空题的形式,如:

(1)To avoid attracting mountain lions, people are advised________.

(2)By the first sentence of the passage author means that________.

(3)It seems that now a country’s economy depends much on________.

(4)If you are interested in knowing about what people’s life will be, you may visit________.

(5)The policemen were told “to look the other way” (the underlined part in Paragraph 2) so that________ .

(6)The policeman who said “Good evening” to Rolls wanted to________.

5.就文中数字、排序、识图等提问。

做细节理解题时,大多数学生易出现的问题是阅读速度太慢,缺乏一定的快速阅读技巧,考生要培养自己快速获取信息的能力。解答此类试题时,不必通篇细看原文,而常常可采取 “带着问题找答案”的方法.先从问题中抓住关键性词语。然后以此为线索。要快速地辨认和记忆事实或细节,就要恰当地运用略读及查读的技巧快速在文章中寻找与此问题相关的段落、语句.仔细品味,对照比较.确定答案。除了运用扫读法(scanning)外,还可以兼用排除法.将“无此细节”和“与此细节相反”的选项排除。

了解细节题干扰选项的特点也有助于考生提高答题的正确率。一般情况下,干扰项有如下几个特点:(1)是原文信息,但不是题目要求的内容;(2)符合常识,但不是文章内容;(3)与原文的内容极其相似,只是在程度上有些变动;(4)在意思上与原文大相径庭甚至完全相反;(5)部分正确,部分错误。

有的细节理解题只要直接辨认不要求读者对客观的事实作出解释或判断,只要求从阅读材料中直接获取信息。同时还要求读者记住重要细节,在必要的时候(做判断、推断或结论的时候)能够准确而迅速地将他们回忆起来。解此类题要求考生快速抓住原文中的关键信息,直接得出答案,但要注意往往答案与原文中的语句并非一模一样,而是用不同的词语或句型结构表达相同的意思。有的细节理解题就需要通过有关词语和句子的转换。利用主要事实、图表、图形来获取信息,然后利用因果、类比、时间、空间等关系将零碎的细节经过一系列加工、整理,方能做出正确的判断.此类试题在高考中占大多数。

值得一提的是,有时原文中的信息可能只是一个短语,甚至一个单词,因此需要我们在阅读中特别仔细才能捕捉到真正有用的信息。&网

细节理解题大致有如下几种常考题型:

题型一 描写类细节题

描写类细节题,常常考查考生对文中有关人物动作、思想感情、心理活动、观点,或事件的起因、发展、过程、结果等方面的理解。这类描写信息往往较直接,一般不太需要考生对它们进行较深入的理解,对于该类题,考生一般都可以较直接地从原文中找到与题目对应的有关信息。

(2018·新课标I 卷,B)Good Morning Britain’s Susanna Reid is used to grilling guests on the sofa every morning, but she is cooking up a storm in her latest role — showing families how to prepare delicious and nutritious meals on a tight budget.

In Save Money: Good Food, she visits a different home each week and with the help of chef Matt Tebbutt offers top tips on how to reduce food waste, while preparing recipes for under £5 per family a day. And the Good Morning Britain presenter says she’s been able to put a lot of what she’s leant into practice in her own home, preparing meals for sons, Sam,14, Finn,13, and Jack, 11.

“We love Mexican churros, so I buy them on my phone from my local Mexican takeaway restaurant,” she explains. “I pay £5 for a portion(一份), but Matt makes them for 26p a portion, because they are flour, water, sugar and oil. Everybody can buy takeaway food, but sometimes we’re not aware how cheaply we can make this food ourselves. ”

The eight-part series(系列节自), Save Money: Good Food, follows in the footsteps of ITV’s Save Money: Good Health, which gave viewers advice on how to get value from the vast range of health products on the market.

With food our biggest weekly household expense, Susanna and Matt spend time with a different family each week. In tonight’s Easter special they come to the aid of a family in need of some delicious inspiration on a budget. The team transforms the family’s long weekend of celebration with less expensive but still tasty recipes.

24What do we know about Susanna Reid?

A.She enjoys embarrassing her guests. B. She has started a new programme

C.She dislikes working early in the morning. D. She has had a light budget for her family.

25How does Matt Tebbutt help Susanna?

A.He buys cooking materials for her. B. He prepares food for her kids.

C.He assists her in cooking matters. D. He invites guest families for her.

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了一档英国系列电视节目,给观众介绍如何减少食物浪费以及如何以较少的预算做出美味佳肴。

24.B  【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第一段知道Good Morning Britain’s Susanna Reid is used to grilling guests on the sofa every morning, but she is cooking up a storm in her latest role可知,她开辟了一个新的节目。故选B。

题型二 信息寻找题广告阅读题

信息寻找题一般在应用文体中较常见,体现于查字典、阅读广告、公告、演出海报、车船航班时间表等之中。这类阅读材料包含的某一方面的信息非常全面,能满足各种人对信息的需求,但在高考试题中,常常是就某一方面提问,考生完全没有必要从头到尾仔细阅读,因为材料中有很多冗余无效信息。做此类题时,宜采用“题干定全法”。即:先阅读题干,然后根据问题要求,有针对性地阅读相关部分快速寻找有效信息。

广告是阅读理解题常考的一种题材。广告属应用文体。严格来说广告属快速寻找信息题。但是广告有着其他快速寻找信息题不同的特点。广告文体简洁明快,省略了大量的词语,达到了篇幅小、信息多的目的。同时具有语言精练,形象性、鼓动性强的良好效果。广告阅读题多为细节理解题,关键在于正确理解广告内容。考生必须具备较强的语言运用能力,熟悉文化背景,利用各种手段(如:补全、联想、推测等)正确解读广告的内容。通常运用“补全成分法”和“联想推测法”两种方法来解读广告的内容。做题方法同样采用“题干定向法”。

(1)补全成分法

省略名在广告体阅读材料中大量出现,可以说广告阅读理解材料中大多数句子都是省略句。我们应结合全文语境及逻辑关系将省略句补全,从而更加准确地理解。如:Driver wanted. 根据文义,可将该句补充为:A driver will be wanted. (招聘一名司机)。

(2)联想推测法

在些广告时间、日期、地点、电话、票价等用了缩略词,甚至一概没有提及,这就需要考生前后连贯,充分想象,整体理解。搜寻已知信息,推断语篇意义。

为节省篇幅,特别是在商业广告中,常使用缩写词,尽管有些缩写不太规范,但却常用,常见的缩写词有:

Tel. =telephone number

Ph. =phone           Add (r). =address

co.=company         Ltd=Limited

Max=maximum       Min=minimum

hr=hour              t=time

fig=figure            ft=foot

ml=mile             doz=dozen

Mt=Mountain         P=page

prof. =professor       Dr. =doctor

s=south              n=north

w=west              Sta=Station

pop=popular          vs=versus

Xmas=Christmas       info=information

VIP=very important persons  hrs=hours

aft=after               ad=advertisement

p/t=part time           exp=experienced

PC=personal computer   MA=Master of Arts

BS degree=bachelor’s degree (学士学位)

(2018·新课标全国卷I,A)

Washington, D.C. Bicycle Tours

Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.

Duration Tour

This small group bike tour is a fantastic way to see a world-famous cherry trees with beautiful flowers of Washington, D.C. Your guide will provide a history lesson about the trees and the famous monuments where they blossom. Reserve your spot before availability — the cherry blossoms—disappear!

Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour

Duration:3 hours (4 miles)

Join a guided bike tour and view some of the most popular monuments in Washington, D.C. Explore the monuments and memorials on the National Mall as your guide shares unique facts and history at each stop. Guided tour includes bike, helmet, cookies and bottled water.

Capital City Bike Tour In Washington, D.C.

Duration:3 hours

Morning or Afternoon, this bike tour is the perfect tour for D. C. newcomers and locals looking to experience Washington, D.C. in a healthy way with minimum effort. Knowledgeable guides will entertain you with the most ,interesting stories about Presidents, Congress, memorials, and parks. Comfortable bikes and a smooth tour route(路线)make cycling between the sites fun and relaxing.

Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour  

Duration:3 hours(7miles)

Join a small group bike tour for an evening of exploration in the heart of Washington, D.C. Get up close to the monuments and memorials as your bike the sites of Capitol Hill and the National Mall. Frequent stops are made for photo taking as your guide offers unique facts and history. Tour includes bike, helmet, and bottled water. All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.

21Which tour do you need to book in advance?

A.Cherry Blossom like Tour in Washington, D.C.

B..Washington capital Monuments Bicycle Tour.

Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D. C.

D.Washington Capital Sites at NightBicycleTour.

22.What will you do on the Capital City Bike Tour?

A.Meet famous people. B. Go to a national park.

C.Visit well-known museums. D. Enjoy interesting stories.

23.Which of the following does the bicycle tour at night provide?

A.City maps. B. Cameras.

C.Meals D. Safety lights

【文章大意】本文是一篇广告应用文。文章介绍了骑自行车到Washington, D.C.旅游的四中路线的相关行程及注意事项。

21.A  【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.中的Reserve your spot before availability可知,这个骑行项目需要提前预约。故选A。

23.D  【解析】细节理解题。根据文章Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour中的All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.可知,所有骑行者都要装备反光背心和安全手电筒。故选D。

题型三  数据计算题

此类试题一般要求考生能根据阅读材料中给出的有关数据,找出计算关系,通过计算,得出正确的结论。这类计算一般来说比较简单,关键是要弄清各数据间的逻辑关系,选准比较的数据,弄清单位换算关系,确定计算方法,问题便迎刃而解了。对于数据较多、项目复杂用时间或空间跨度较大的短文,通常可采用“列表法”,即按一定的规律将数据分门别类地列出,化模糊为清晰,为计算打下基础。对于相对不太复杂的数据,可采用“推算法”,即以有关数据为基准,进行简单的运算就可得出。

A Summer Horse Camp in Montana and Wyoming for Teen Girls

Dates: June 23 — July 5, 2017

Ages: 14—16 (grades 8, 9 & 10)

Tuition: $ 2,955 (not including airfare)

Start: Bozeman, Montana

End:  Jackson, Wyoming

Traversing(横越) the Continental Divide, this camp takes place on the borders of Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming, where girls will go whitewater rafting, scenic river floating, hot spring soaking, and will tour both Yellowstone and Teton National Parks.

Girls who participate in this adventure will gain knowledge and appreciation with each turn, becoming keepers of the land, and being introduced to skills necessary to work with pack animals in the wilderness. All of this adventure and learning takes place in a fun, non-competitive atmosphere, which will make this an adventure to remember.

Trip Campsites & Facilities

Eight nights are spent in tents in public "frontcountry" campgrounds where we have pre-assigned campsites with neighbors and campground hosts nearby, running drinkable water, and private outhouses(屋外厕所)or flushing toilets(抽水马桶).

Four nights are spent in tents in"backcountry"wilderness areas where we will purify our water before drinking and learn and practice basic Leave No Trace camping skills such as how to select a campsite, how to go to the bathroom, and how to keep clean outdoors. All backcountry campsites in this travel plan have an outhouse available to us.

Why Choose This Trip

Girls who love horses but also want to go rafting, stand up paddle boarding, and explore Yellowstone Country will automatically love this camp. From rivers, to lakes, to mountains, Yellowstone Horseback Adventure camp will give girls a variety of outdoor settings in which they can fall in love with the natural world!

1.How long will the camp last?

A.8 days.          B. 10 days.          C. 12 days.          D. 13 days.

题型四  排序题

这种试题要求考生根据事情发生的先后顺序和句子之间的逻辑关系,找出事件的正确顺序。

做此类题目可采用"首尾定位法",即先找出第一个事件和最后一个事件,这样可以迅速缩小选择范围,从而迅速找到答案。阅读理解的文章如果是记叙文,排序题通常以事件发生的时间为线索;如果是说明文,排序题通常以说明的先后顺序为线索;如果是议论文,排序题通常以逻辑顺序为线索。从近几年高考试题来看,这类试题主要出现在记叙文和说明文中。

题型五  图文转换题

此类试题要求根据短文中的描写找出相应的图形,或根据图形选出相应的文字。可采用“文字锁定法”,即找出描述图形的句段,按“文”锁“图”,迅速锁定相关图形,或用“图形标示法”,在图形中标出相应的内容,以便做题。

The Home of My People

When Lewis and Clark stepped onto the Weippe Prairie in present-day Idaho in September 1808, they met the Nez Perce Indians. In the following years, the white explorers(探险者)began to fight with the Indians for their land. Some Nez Perce chiefs signed agreements with the U.S. government, selling part of their lands. But the government always broke those agreements and demanded more land.

Other chiefs refused to go along with the government’s plans. The most famous was Chief Joseph, whose people lived in the Wallowa Valley(present-day Oregon).

“In order to have all people understand how much land we owned, ”he once explained, “my father planted poles around it and said: ‘Inside is the home of my people…It circled around the graves(坟墓)of our fathers, and we will never give up these graves to any man. ’”

But in 1874, the U.S. government declared the valley open for white settlement and ordered the Nez Perce onto a reservation(保留地). Seeing that resistance was useless, Chief Joseph agreed to move.

Later, fighting broke out between the Nez Perce and U.S. soldiers. Chief Joseph tried to lead his people to Canada, winning several battles against the soldiers during their flight. But finally, he was forced to give in.

1. Which historic site (on the map)lies in the south of today’s Nez Perce Reservation?

A.Buffalo Eddy.                   B. Dug Bar.

C.Joseph Canyon Viewpoint.         D. Chief Looking Glass Camp.

2.2. What can we learn about the Nez Perce lands from the map?

A.They were in the state of Oregon.

B.They have become a historic site.

C.They have become much smaller.

D.They were limited to the Wallowa Valley.

【答案与解析】

6.代词指代题解题技能

代词指代题要求考生一定的上下文推测代词的指代意义。此类题一般是在人物或事物关系比较复杂的情况下使用的一种题型,所以理清人物及事物之间的逻辑关系是关键所在。

(2016·新课标卷III))On one of her trips to New York several years ago, Eudora Welty decided to take a couple of New York friends out to dinner. They settled in at a comfortable East Slide cafe and within minutes, another customer was approaching their table.

"Hey, aren’t you from Mississippi?" the elegant, white-haired writer remembered being asked by the stranger. "I’m from Mississippi too."

Without a second thought, the woman joined the Welty party. When her dinner partner showed up, she also pulled up a chair.

"They began telling me all the news of Mississippi," Welty said. "I didn’t know what my New York friends were thinking."

Taxis on a rainy New York night are rarer than sunshine. By the time the group got up to leave, it was pouring outside. Welty’s new friends immediately sent a waiter to find a cab. Heading back downtown toward her hotel, her big-city friends were amazed at the turn of events that had changed their Big Apple dinner into a Mississippi state reunion(团聚).

"My friends said: ‘Now we believe your stories,’" Welty added. "And I said: ‘Now you know. These are the people that make me write them.’"

Sitting on a sofa in her room, Welty, a slim figure in a simple gray dress, looked pleased with this explanation.

"I don’t make them up," she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years. "I don’t have to."

Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty’s people come from afternoons spent visiting with old friends, from walks through the streets of her native Jackson, Miss., from conversations overheard on a bus. It annoys Welty that, at 78, her left ear has now given out. Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment(片段) of a particularly interesting story.

26. Theunderlined word "them"in Paragraph 6 refers to Welty’s _______.

A. readersB.parties    C. friends    D. stories

【文章大意】文章介绍了一位女作家请纽约的朋友吃饭时发生的故事。Welty是一位年纪比较大的作家,她来自密西西比。Welty的作品都是来自于现实的生活。

题组一(2018年高考真题)

Passage1(2018·新课标II卷,A)

Summer Activities

Students should read the list with their parents/careers, and select two activities they would like to do. Forms will be available in school and online for them to indicate their choices and return to school. Before choices are finalised, parents/careers will be asked to sign to confirm their child’s choices.

21.Which activity will you choose if you want to go camping?

A.OUT. B. WBP. C. CRF.     D. POT.

22.What will the students do on Tuesday with Mrs. Wilson?

A.Travel to London.

B.See a parade and fireworks.

C.Tour central Paris.

D.Visit the WWI battlefields.

23.How long does Potty about Potter last?

A.Two days. B. Four days.

C.Five days. D. One week.

Passage2(2018·新课标III卷,A)

Welcome to Holker Hall & Gardens

Visitor Information

How to Get to Holker

By Car: Follow brown signs on A590 from J36, M6. Approximate travel times: Windermere-20 minutes, Kendal-25 minutes, Lancaster-45 minutes, Manchester-1 hour 30 minutes.

By Rail: The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for connections to major cities & airports.

Opening Times

Sunday-Friday (closed on Saturday)11:00 am-4:00pm, 30th March-2nd November.

Admission Charges

Hall & Gardens Gardens

Adults: £12.00 £8.00

Groups: £9.00 £5.50

Special Events

Producers’ Market        13th April

Join us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks. Meet the producers and get some excellent recipe ideas.

Holker Garden Festival   30th May

The event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it one of the most popular events in gardening.

National Garden Day     28th August

Holker once again opens its gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can take a tour with our garden guide.

Winter Market           8th November

This is an event for all the family. Wander among a variety of shops selling gifs while enjoying a live music show and nice street entertainment.

  1. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from Manchester?

A.20 minutes. B.25 minutes.

C.45 minutes. D.90 minutes.

22.How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit to Hall & Gardens?

A.£l2.00. B. £9.00.

B.£8.00. D. £5.50.

23.Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show?

A.Producers’ Market. B. Holker Garden Festival.

C.National Garden Day. D. Winter Market.

Passage3(2018·新课标III卷,B)

Cities usually have a good reason for being where they are, like a nearby port or river. People settle in these places because they are easy to get to and naturally suited to communications and trade. New York City, for example, is near a large harbour at the mouth of the Hudson River. Over 300 years its population grew gradually from 800 people to 8 million. But not all cities develop slowly over a long period of time. Boom towns grow from nothing almost overnight. In 1896, Dawson, Canada, was unmapped wilderness(荒野). But gold was discovered there in 1897, and two years later, it was one of the largest cities in the West, with a population of 30,000.

Dawson did not have any of the natural conveniences of cities like London or Paris. People went there for gold. They travelled over snow-covered mountains and sailed hundreds of miles up icy rivers. The path to Dawson was covered with thirty feet of wet snow that could fall without warming. An avalanche(雪崩) once closed the path, killing 63 people. For many who made it to Dawson, however, the rewards were worth the difficult trip. Of the first 20,000 people who dug for gold, 4,000 got rich. About 100 of these stayed rich men for the rest of their lives.

But no matter how rich they were, Dawson was never comfortable. Necessities like food and wood were very expensive. But soon, the gold that Dawson depended on had all been found. The city was crowded with disappointed people with no interest in settling down, and when they heard there were new gold discoveries in Alaska, they left Dawson City as quickly as they had come. Today, people still come and go — to see where the Canadian gold rush happened. Tourism is now the chief industry of Dawson City — its present population is 762.

24.What attracted the early settlers to New York City?

A.Its business culture.

B.Its small population

C.Its geographical position.

D.Its favourable climate.

25.What do we know about those who first dug for gold in Dawson?

A.Two-thirds of them stayed there.

B.One out of five people got rich.

C.Almost everyone gave up.

D.Half of them died.

26What was the main reason for many people to leave Dawson?

A.They found the city too crowded.

B.They wanted to try their luck elsewhere.

C.They were unable to stand the winter.

D.They were short of food.

27.What is the text mainly about?

A.The rise and fall of a city.

B.The gold rush in Canada.

C.Journeys into the wilderness.

D.Tourism in Dawson.

Passage4(2018·天津卷,A)

Fire Prevention Information

The University of Adelaide employs a full-time staff of fire prevention professionals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler(喷水灭火装置) systems, fire alarms, and fire extinguishers (灭火器). They also provide educational programs on fire safety in the residence halls. Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room.

Fire Alarms

The floors of all campus buildings are equipped with manual(手动的) fire alarm systems which include fire alarm pull stations and pipes. Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting of heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers. For your safety, never tamper with(胡乱摆弄) these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead to imprisonment.

Fire Drills

A fire drill will be conducted in your residence hall every semester. During a fire drill, please do the following:

  • Take your room key and ID,close and lock the door to your room.
  • Exit immediately from the nearest emergency exit; do not use a lift.
  • Meet outside of your residence hall and wait for further instructions.

Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers are located on each floor and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher only if you have been trained to do so. Irresponsible use of a fire extinguisher can create a dangerous situation for other residents and could result in damage to personal property. Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines.

Smoke Detectors

A smoke detector is on the ceiling in your room. Some buildings also have heat detectors on the ceilings. Do the following to ensure the safe operation of your smoke detector:

  • If your smoke detector is working properly,the red light should be on.If the red light is not blinking(闪动), contact residence hall staff immediately.
  • Do not cover or block your smoke detector in any way.
  • If a smoke detector sets off an alarm and there is no fire or smoke,inform your hall staff.

36.What is the main duty of the fire prevention professionals?

A.To provide part-time jobs for students.

B.To lead the students to the nearest exits.

C.To check and maintain fire prevention equipment.

D.To train teachers to be fire prevention professionals.

37.What do the automatic fire alarm systems include?

A.Pipes and smoke detectors.

B.Smoke detectors and sprinklers.

C.Fire alarm pull stations and pipes.

D.Sprinklers and fire alarm pull stations.

38.In a fire drill,the students should ___________.

A.rushquickly to a lift

B.gather at the nearestexit

Cshut the door andleave at once

D.wait for instructions in the hall

39.What do we knowabout the use of fire extinguishers?

A.Using them wrongly results in punishment.

B.Irresponsible use of them can damage them.

C.Improper use of them can destroy the apartment.

D.Using them without a trainer present is forbidden.

40To ensure the safe operation of the smoke detector,one should_________.

A.contact the hall staff regularly

B.cover the things that burn easily

C.start the smoke detector in a fire

D.make certain the red lightis working

题组(2017年高考真题)

Passage1(2017·北京卷,B)

Inspiring young minds!

TOKNOW Magazine is a big hit in the world of children’s publishing, bringing a unique combination of challenging ideas and good fun to young fans every month.

Sounds too good to be true?

Take a look online—evidence shows that thousands of teachers and parents know a good thing when they see it and recommend TOKNOW to their friends.

Happy Birthday All Year!

What could be more fun than a gift that keeps coming through the letterbox every month? The first magazine with your gift message will arrive in time for the special day.

SUBSCRIBE NOW

□Annual Subscription

  Europe £55    Rest of World £65

□Annual Subscription with Gift Pack

  Includes a Mammoth Map, a Passport Puzzle Booklet, and Subscription

  Europe £60    Rest of World £70

Refund Policy—the subscription can be cancelled within 28 days and you can get your money back.

59.Why is TOKNOW a special magazine?

A.It entertains young parents.

B.It provides serious advertisements.

C.It publishes popular science fictions.

D.It combines fun with complex concepts.

60.What does TOKNOW offer its readers?

A.Online courses.

B.Articles on new topics.

C.Lectures on a balanced life.

D.Reports on scientific discoveries.

61How much should you pay if you make a 12-mouth subscription to TOKNOW with gift pack from China?

A.£55.           B. £60.

B.£65.             D.£70.

C.Subscribers of TOKNOW would get _______.

D.free birthday presents

62.full refund within 28 days

A.membership of the TOKNOW club

C.chances to meet the experts in person

Passage2(2017·新课标II卷,A)

In the coming months, we are bringing together artists from all over the globe, to enjoy speaking Shakespeare’s plays in their own language, in our globe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrote for. please come and join us.

National Theatre Of China   Beijing|Chinese

This great occasion(盛会) will be the national Theatre of China’s first visit to the UK. The company’s productions show the new face of 21st century Chinese theatre. This production of Shakespeare’s Richard III will be directed by the National’s Associate Director, Wang Xiaoying.

Date &Time: Saturday 28 April,2.30pm&Sunday 29 April,1.30pm&6.30pm

Marjanishvili Theatre   Tbilisi |Georgian

One of the most famous theatres in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928,appears regularly at theatre festivals all over the world. This new production of As You Like It is helmed(指导)by the company’s Artistic Director Levan Tsuladze.

Date & Time : Friday 18May,2.30pm&Saturday 19May,7.30pm

Deafinitely Theatre  London | British Sign  Language (BSL)

By translating the rich and humourous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

Date&Time: Tueaday 22 May,2.30pm&Wednesday 23 May,7.30pm

Habima National Theatre  Tel Aviv| Hebrew

The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-language theatre worldwide, Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution, the company eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s,Since 1958,they have been recognized as the national theatre of Israel. This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice marks their first visit to the UK.

Date &Time: Monday 28May,7.30&Tuesday 29 May,7.30pm

21.which play will be performed by the National Theatre of China?

A.Richard Ⅲ.                 B.Lover’s Labour’s Lost.

C.As You Like It.               D. The merchant of Venice.

22.What is special about Deafinnitely Theatre?

A.It has two groups of actors.

B.It is the leading theatre in London.

C.It performs plays in BSL.

D.It is good at producing comedies.

23.When can you see a play in Hebrew?

A.OnSaturday 28Apil.           B. On Sunday 29 April.

C.On Tuesday 22 May.         D. On Tuesday 29 May.

Passage3(2017·新课标II卷,B)

I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn’t want me for the film — it wanted somebody as well known as Paul — he stood up for me. I don’t know how many people would have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers.

The friendship that grew out of the experience of making that film and The Sting four years later had its root in the fact that although there was an age difference, we both came from a tradition of theater and live TV. We were respectful of craft(技艺)and focused on digging into the characters we were going to play. Both of us had the qualities and virtues that are typical of American actors: humorous, aggressive, and making fun of each other— but always with an underlying affection. Those were also at the core(核心)of our relationship off the screen.

We shared the brief that if you’re fortunate enough to have success, you should put something back— he with his Newman’s Own food and his Hole in the Wall camps for kids who are seriously ill, and me with Sundance and the institute and the festival. Paul and I didn’t see each other all that regularly, but sharing that brought us together. We supported each other financially and by showing up at events.

I last saw him a few months ago. He’d been in  and out of the hospital. He and I both knew what the deal was, and we didn’t talk about it. Ours was a relationship that didn’t need a lot of words.

24.Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to author at first?

A.Paul Newman wanted it.

B.The studio powers didn’t like his agent.

C.He wasn’t famous enough.

D.The director recommended someone else.

25.Why did Paul and the author have a lasting friendship?

A.They were of the same age.

B.They worked in the same theater.

C.They were both good actors.

D.They havesimilar characteristics.

26.What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 3 refer to?

A.Their belief.

B.Their care for children.

C.Their success

D.Their support for each other.

27.What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A.To show his love of films.

B.To remember a friend.

C.To introduce a new movie.

D.To share his acting experience.

Passage4(2017·新课标III卷,A)

San Francisco Fire Engine Tours

San Francisco Winery Tour

Running: February 1st through April 30th

This delicious tour goes through the city on its way to Treasure Island where we will stop at the famous Winery SF. Here you can enjoy 4 pours of some of the best wine San Francisco has to offer.(Included in tickets price)

Departing from the Cannery: Tour times upon request.

Duration(时长): 2 hours

Price: $90

Back to the Fifties Tour

Running: August 16th through August 31st

This tour transports you back in time to one of San Francisco’s most fantastic periods, the 1950s! Enjoy fun history as we take you through San Francisco for a free taste of ice cream.

Departing from the Cannery: 5:00 pm and 7:00 pm

Duration: 2 hours

Price: $90

Spooky Halloween Tour

Running: October 10th through October 31st

Join us for a ride through the historical Presidio district. Authentic fire gear(服装) is provided for your warmth as our entertainers take you to some of the most thrilling parts of San Francisco.

Departing from the Cannery: 6:30 pm and 8:30 pm

Duration: 1 hour and 30 minutes

Price: Available upon request

Holiday Lights Tour

Running: December 6th through December 23nd

This attractive tour takes you to some of San Francis’s most cheerful holiday scenes. Authentic fire gear is provided for your warmth as you get into the holiday spirit.

Departing from the Cannery: 7:00 pm and 9:00 pm

Duration: 1 hour and 30 minutes

Advance reservations required.

21.Which of the tours is available in March?

A.San Francisco Winery Tour.

B.Back to the Fifties Tour.

C.Spooky Hallowen Tour.

D.Holiday Lights Tour.

22.What can tourists do on Back to the Fifties Tours?

A.Go to Treasure Island.

B.Enjoy the holiday scenes.

C.Have free ice cream.

D.Visit the Presidio district.

23.What are tourists required to do to go on Holiday Lights Tour?

A.Take some drinks.

B.Set off early in the morning.

C.Wear warm clothes.

D.Make reservations in advance.

题组三(2016年高考真题)

Passage1(2016·新课标全国卷II)

What’s On?

Electric Underground

7.30pm–1.00am   Free at the Cyclops Theatre

Do you know who’s playing in your area? We’re bringing you an exciting evening of live rock and pop music from the best local bands. Are you interested in becoming a musician and getting a recording contract(合同)? If so, come early to the talk at 7.30pm by Jules Skye, a successful record producer. He’s going to talk about how you can find the right person to produce your music.

Gee Whizz

8.30pm–10.30pm   Comedy at Kaleidoscope

Come and see Gee Whizz perform. He’s the funniest stand-up comedian on the comedy scene. This joyful show will please everyone, from the youngest to the oldest. Gee Whizz really knows how to make you laugh! Our bar is open from 7.00pm for drinks and snacks(快餐).

Simon’s Workshop

5.00pm–7.30pm    Wednesdays at Victoria Stage

This is a good chance for anyone who wants to learn how to do comedy. The workshop looks at every kind of comedy, and practices many different ways of making people laugh. Simon is a comedian and actor who has 10 years’ experience of teaching comedy. His workshops are exciting and fun. An evening with Simon will give you the confidence to be funny.

Charlotte Stone

8.00pm–11.00pm     Pizza World

Fine food with beautiful jazz music; this is a great evening out. Charlotte Stone will perform songs from her new best-selling CD, with James Pickering on the piano. The menu is Italian, with excellent meat and fresh fish, pizzas and pasta(面食). Book early to get a table. Our bar is open all day, and serves cocktails, coffee, beer, and white wine.

1.Who can help you if you want to have your music produced?

A.Jules Skye. B. Gee Whizz.

C.Charlotte Stone. D. James Pickering.

2.At which place can people of different ages enjoy a good laugh?

A.The Cyclops Theatre. B. Kaleidoscope.

C.Victoria Stage. D. Pizza World.

3.What do we know about Simon’s Workshop?

A.It requires membership status. B. It lasts three hours each time.

C.It is run by a comedy club. D. It is held every Wednesday.

4.When will Charlotte Stoneperform her songs?

A.5.00pm–7.30pm. B. 7.30pm–1.00am.

C.8.00pm–11.00pm. D. 8.30pm–10.30pm.

Passage2(2016·新课标全国卷II)

Reading can be a social activity. Think of the people who belong to book groups. They choose books to read and then meet to discuss them. Now, the website BookCrossing.com turns the page on the traditional idea of a book group.

Members go on the site and register the books they own and would like to share. BookCrossing provides an identification number to stick inside the book. Then the person leaves it in a public place, hoping that the book will have an adventure, traveling far and wide with each new reader who finds it.

Bruce Pederson, the managing director of BookCrossing, says, “The two things that change your life are the people you meet and books you read. BookCrossing combines both.”

Members leave books on park benches and buses, in train stations and coffee shops. Whoever finds their book will go to the site and record where they found it.

People who find a book can also leave a journal entry describing what they thought of it. E-mails are then sent to the BookCrossers to keep them updated about where their books have been found. Bruce Pederson says the idea is for people not to be selfish by keeping a book to gather dust on a shelf at home.

BookCrossing is part of a trend among people who want to get back to the “real” and not the virtual(虚拟). The site now has more than one million members in more than one hundred thirty-five countries.

29.Why does the author mention book groups in the first paragraph?

A.To explain what they are.

B.To introduce BookCrossing.

C.To stress the importance of reading.

D.To encourage readers to share their ideas.

30 What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2refer to?

A.The book. B.An adventure.

C.A public place. D. The identification number.

31. What will a BookCrosser do with a book after reading it?

A.Meet other readers to discuss it. B.Keep it safe in his bookcase.

C..Pass it on to another reader. D. Mail it back to its owner.

32. What is the best title for the text?

A.Online Reading: A Virtual Tour B. Electronic Books: A new Trend

C.A Book Group Brings Tradition Back D. A Website Links People through Books

Passage3(2016·天津卷)

A Language Programme for Teenagers

Welcome to Teenagers Abroad! We invite you to join us on an amazing journey of language learning.

Our Courses

Regardless of your choice of course, you’ll develop your language ability both quickly and effectively.

Our Standard Course guarantees a significant increase in your confidence in a foreign language, with focused teaching in all 4 skill areas — speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Our Intensive Course builds on our Standard Course, with 10 additional lessons per week, guaranteeing the fastest possible language learning (see table below).

Evaluation

Students are placed into classes according to their current language skills. The majority of them take an online language test before starting their programme. However, if this is not available, students sit the exam on the first Monday of their course.

Learning materials are provided to students throughout their course, and there will never be more than 15 participants in each class.

Arrivals and Transfer

Our programme offers the full package—students are taken good care of from the start through to the very end. They are collected from the airport upon arrival and brought to their accommodation in comfort. We require the student’s full flight details at least 4 weeks in advance.

Meals/Allergies(过敏)/Special Dietary Requirements

Students are provided with breakfast, dinner and either a cooked or packed lunch(which consists of a sandwich, a drink and a dessert). Snacks outside of mealtimes may be purchased by the student individually.

We ask that you let us know of any allergies or dietary requirements as well as information about any medicines you take. Depending on the type of allergies and/or dietary requirements, an extra charge may be made for providing special food.

36.How does Intensive Course differ from Standard Course?

A.It is less effective. B. It focuses on speaking.

C.It includes extra lessons. D. It gives you confidence.

37.When can a student attend Standard Course?

A.13:00—14:30 Monday.             B. 9:00—12:30 Tuesday.

C.13:00—14:30 Friday.               D. 9:00—12:30 Saturday.

38.Before starting their programme, students are expected to _____.

A.take a language test             B. have an online interview

C.prepare learning materials         D. report their language levels

38.With the full package, the programme organizer is supposed to_____.

A.inform students of their full flight details

B.look after students throughout the programme

C.offer students free sightseeing trips

D.collect students’ luggage in advance

39.Which of the following may require an extra payment?

A.Cooked dinner.               B. Mealtime dessert.

C.Packed lunch.                 D. Special diet.

题组三(名校模拟题)

Passage 1(2018届江西省金溪一中、余江一中等五市八校高三联考)

We should all let the sunshine in as much as possible–not just because it makes us feel good. Exposure to sunlight produces vitamin D in our skin. This is why we call vitamin D the “sunshine vitamin.”

Vitamin D is good for everybody. In fact, research shows this “sunshine vitamin” could help women with breast cancer live longer.

Breast cancer patients who have high blood levels of vitamin D have a better prognosis(/a)than women who don’t. A prognosis is how quickly a doctor expects a patient to recover or how long a doctor expects a patient to live.

Researchers found that these women had less aggressive cancers. They were also 30 percent less likely to die from the cancer or to get it again.

Researcher Song Yao led the study for the Roswell Park Cancer Institute. He said the study showed that high vitamin D levels improved the patients’ prognosis no matter what type or how advanced their cancer was

Besides fighting breast cancer, vitamin D helps the body in other ways. Most importantly, vitamin D controls how the body absorbs calcium. It also makes sure the body’s immune system works normally.

Several studies show that vitamin D also strengthens the immune system and helps the body fight disease Vitamin D may help reduce your risk of developing heart disease, according to a 2008 study published in the journal Circulation. And it may also help protect you against getting the flu. Other studies have shown that vitamin D might help people suffering from depression.

Factors in the environment may limit our exposure to sunlight and, therefore, vitamin D. These factors include pollution, using too much sunscreen, spending too much time inside and living in areas with little sunlight.

So if you can’t get enough sunshine, eat foods that are rich in vitamin D: egg yolks, cheese and fatty fish h as salmon, sardines, tuna or mackerel

How much vitamin D you need is a much-debated topic. The best way to know if you need more vitamin D is to get tested by a doctor.

1.According to the research, women with high blood levels of vitamin D ______.

A.live longer than women without B.never get cancer again

C.have less aggressive cancers D.can recover from cancer earlier

2.The benefits of vitamin D are _______.

A.strengthening the immune system                  B. killing cancer cells

C.promoting the absorption of calcium              D. protecting against getting the flu

A.abc. B.acd

C.abd. D.abcd.

3.To get more vitamin D, people can__________.

A.eat more food and do more exercise

B.get exposure to more sunlight and eat foods rich in it

C drink more water and eat more foods rich in it

D.eat more food and keep positive

4.How does the author support the theme of the passage?

A.By providing research results B.By stating arguments

C.By explaining statistical data. D.By giving examples.

Passage 2((2018届福建省百所重点校高三联合考试)

Welcome to AMDA

Your future in the performing arts doesn’t have to be a dream. For over 50 years, AMDA has launched some of the most successful careers in theatre, film and television. AMDA creates industry professionals who don’t just wait for life to happen—they stage their own career path. Now it’s your turn.

Program description

At AMDA, we believe a performer must perform. From the first day, you’ll find many performance opportunities in the three core areas of acting, musical theatre and dance, both in and out of the classroom, plus individual voice lessons. Over the course of your four semesters (学期), you’ll also improve your performance technique through an intensive curriculum that focuses on both foundational and advanced concepts in acting, musical theatre and dance. Finally, through courses in career preparation, you’ll learn how to apply all of this training to a successful career on stage and screen.

Philosophy and mission

AMDA is committed to providing a splendid performing arts education to a diverse community of creative artists. AMDA serves as both school and stage, where students are given the support and opportunity to identify their own personal objectives and to develop and improve their own distinctive artistic voices. AMDA tries to create an environment for students to develop the skills, confidence, imagination, and power to contribute to their community as artists, businesspeople, lifelong learners, and hard-working citizens of the world Above all, AMDA wants to teach students that commitment and passion are the marks of a successful and joyous career.

Registration

6305 Yucca Street Los Angeles

800-367-7908

https: //www.amda.edu

1.What is the curriculum of AMDA about?

A.Drawing. B.Philosophy.

C.Performing. D.Photography.

2.How long does the course last?

A.One semester. B.Two years.

C.Three semesters. D.Four years.

3.What can students learn in AMDA?

A.How to sing beautifully. B.How to train a performer.

C.The way to build a stage. D.The way to be a director.

Passage 3(2017届高三第三次模拟考试)

 Fidel Castro was born at his father’s farm on August 13, 1926. His father, Angel Castro, was a migrant to Cuba from Galicia, Northwest Spain. He had become financially successful by growing sugarcane at Las Manacas farm in Biran, Oriente Province.

Aged six, Castro was sent to live with his teacher in Santiago be Cuba, before being baptized(洗礼)into the Roman Catholic Church at the age of eight. Being baptized enabled Castro to attend the la Salle boarding school in Santiago, where he regularly misbehaved, so he was sent to the privately funded Dolores School in Santiago. In 1945 he transferred to a more famous school, De Belen in Havana. Although Castro took an interest in history, geography and debating at Belen, he did not excel academically, instead devoting much of his time to playing sport.

In 1945, Castro began studying law at the University of Havana, where he became involved in student activism, and the violent gangsterism culture within the university. Passionate about anti-imperialism and opposing U.S. interference in the Caribbean, he unsuccessfully campaigned for the presidency of the Federation of University Students on a platform of “honesty, decency and justice”. Castro became critical of the corruption and violence of President Ramon Grau’s government, delivering a public speech on the subject in November 1946 that received coverage on the front page of several newspapers.

In 1947, Castro joined the Party of the Cuban People, founded by Eduardo Chibas. Chibas advocated social justice, honest government, and political freedom, while his party exposed corruption and demanded reform. Though Chibas lost the election, Castro remained devoted to working on his behalf. Social situation becoming worse, Castor soon received a death threat urging him to leave the university; refusing, he began carrying a gun and surrounding himself with armed friends.

1.From paragraph 2, we know that Fidel Castro _______.

A.had no interest in history

B.performed very well at school

C.spend much time playing sport

D.attended the La Salle boarding school before 8

2.What is the right order of the following events related to Fidel Castro?

A.delivered a public speech

B.entered the University of Havana

C.joined the Party of the Cuban People

D.transferred to famous school, De Belen

A.dbac B.abcd

C.dabc D.acdb

3.Fidel Castro carried a gun at university_________

A.to catch people’s attention

B.to hang out with friend for fun

C.to get involved in the political activities

D.to defend himself against the death threat

4.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A.the Party of the Cuban People

B.Fidel Castro’s misbehavior at school

C.Cuba’s political situations in the 1940s

D.Fidel Castro’s early life and political activities

Passage 4(2017届安徽省淮北市第一中学高三最后一卷)

Almost no one can resist a good mystery novel or detective novel, so these novels sell thousands of copies each year. And many readers regard famous mystery author Agatha Christie as Queen of Crime, whose stories are known for their tense atmosphere and strong psychological suspense and have a great effect on the English mystery novels.

Christie was born in September 1890 in England. When she was growing up, her mother often told her stories. Christie loved these stories, which took her into a world of fantasy. Christie’s mother also encouraged her to write from a young age and also took her to travel a lot.

She married Archie Christie in 1914 at the beginning of World War Ⅰ. During the war, Christie wrote her first detective story: The Mysterious Affair at Styles. She chose the crime, and then invented a detective named Hercule Poirot, ranking second to Sherlock Holmes, to solve it. She sent the book to a publisher, but it was rejected.

After the war ended, Christie sent her book to more publishers, and finally, in 1920, one published it. She earned just $25 for it. Over the next few years, Christie wrote more books and short stories, gaining experience as a writer. In spite of her literary success, life was not going well at home. In 1928, Archie and Agatha got a divorce(离婚). A short time later, she met a young archaeologist, Max Mallowan. After getting married in 1930, they began to spend some time each year in the Middle East, which provided settings for some of Christie’s novels, such as Murder at the Vicarage(1930), Murder on the Orient Express (1934)and Death on the Nile(1939).

Christie continued writing for the rest of her life. When she died in January 1976, readers around the world mourned(哀悼)her death. But her tales of mystery continue to be loved by new generations of readers. They’ve been translated into hundreds of languages and are selling well today and outsold only by the Bible and Shakespeare in Britain.

1.As a whole, this text     .

A.is a biography of Agatha Christie

B.promotes Agatha Christie’s novels

C.explains how Agatha Christie became a writer

D.is a review of Agatha Christie’s novels

2.What do we know about Hercule Poirot?

A.He was better known than Sherlock Holmes.

B.He made Christie become famous.

C.He was good at catching criminals.

D.He was the only main character in the novel.

3.From the underlined part “outsold only by the Bible and Shakespeare in Britain”, we can learn that     .

A.the Bible helps her works to sell in Britain

B.the sales of her works rank third in Britain

C.Vthe works of Shakespeare don’t sell better than hers in Britain

D.they sell well equally in Britain

4.Which is the right order for what Agatha Christie experienced?

①She had her first detective novel published.

②She finished The Mysterious Affair at Styles.

③Her mother encouraged her to write.

④Her marriage to Archie ended in divorce.

⑤She wrote Murder on the Orient Express.

A.③②④①⑤ B.③①②⑤④

C.②①③⑤④ D.③②①④⑤

高考英语

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2020-1-23 9:00:40

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