高考英语考点——情景交际

考点解读

高考常考情景交际用语:

1.A pleasure与With pleasure

A pleasure.=My pleasure=It’s a pleasure. 意为"不用谢",当别人表示感谢时用它来回答

With pleasure. 意为"非常乐意",当别人请自己帮忙时,自己爽快的接受(伴随着快乐)。

1.—Would you do me a favor and give me a ride ?

— ______ .

A.Yes,  that’s right           B. No trouble

C,Never mind              D. With pleasure

2.—Could you do me a favor and take these books to my office?

—Yes, ________.

A.for pleasure   B. I could

C.my pleasure   D. with pleasure

【答案】1.D    2.D

2.Don’t mention it.与you’re welcome.

Don’t ‘mention it(informal) used as a polite answer when sb has thanked you for sth:

‘Thanks for all your help.’ ‘Don’t mention it.’两个短语用法较简单,意为"不用谢"

A:Thank you very much. 太感谢你了。

B:Don’t mention it. 别客气。

3.No problem

1.used to show that you are happy to help sb or that sth will be easy to do:

2.‘Can I pay by credit card?’ ‘Yes, no problem.’

3.used after sb has thanked you or said they are sorry for sth:

4.‘Thanks for the ride.’ ‘No problem.’

【典例】

1.—I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.

—___________, Bill.

A.You’re welcome  B. Go ahead

C.Don’t mention it  D. No problem

2.—We need three single rooms for the first week in June.

—___________. The hotel’s not busy then.

A.No problem B. Don’t bother

C.Never mind D. It doesn’t matter

【答案】1.D    2.A

4.Mind 

当问你是否介意(某人)做某事时,如果你同意,那就是不介意,要用no 来回答;如果你不同意,那就是介意,要用yes来回答。此时,mind与"oppose反对"意思相近。

【典例】

1.— Do you mind if I open the window?

—____________ I feel a bit cold.

A.Of course not.   B. I’d rather you didn’t.

C.Go ahead.    D. Why not?

2.—Would you mind my coming over and having a look at your new garden ?My little son’s curious about those roses you grow.

— _____________ .You’re welcome.

A.Yes ,I do B.Never mind

C.Yes ,please D.Not at all

【解析】 1.B    2.D

5.Never mind

You say never mind when you are emphasizing that something is not serious or important, especially when someone is upset about it or is saying sorry to you.  用于当别人为某事烦恼或向你道歉时。

【典例】

1.—Oh dear ! I’ve just broken a window .

— ____ .It can’t be helped .

A.Never mind   B.All right

C.that’s fine   D.Not at all

2.—I’m terribly sorry that I made  your table cloth dirty.

—___________.

A.Never mind        B. Don’t mention it

C.That’s right          D. Sorry

【答案】1.A   2.A

6.It doesn’t matter.

matter (to sb) :to be important or have an important effect on sb/sth:

It doesn’t matter to me what you do

‘What did you say?’ ‘Oh, it doesn’t matter’ (= it is not important enough to repeat).’

‘I’m afraid I forgot that book again.’ ‘It doesn’t matter (= it is not important enough to worry about).’

【典例】

1.—I’m sorry I broke your mirror.

—Oh,  really ? ______________ .

A.It’s OK with me          B.It doesn’t matter

C.Don’t be sorry             D. I don’t care

2.—Dad! Tom’s broken a glass!

— ________. Accidents will happen.

A.No way     B.  Doesn’t matter

C.No trouble at all     D. Don’t mention it

【答案】1.B   2.B

7.That’ ok/ fine/ all right.1.It’s all right/alright ( also That’s all right/alright ) 不用谢,没关系

an answer to someone who has just thanked you for something or just said they are sorry for something they have done

"Thank you for the flowers." "It’s all right . I thought they might cheer you up."

"I’m sorry I broke the vase." "Oh, that’s all right . It wasn’t very expensive."

2.If you say that someone or something is all right, you mean that you find them satisfactory or acceptable.

Is it all right with you if we go now?…

【典例】

—We’d like you to start work tomorrow if possible.

—I’m sorry, but I can’t possibly start until Monday. _________?

A.Do you agree with me B.Is that a good idea

C.Do you think I’m right D.Will that be all right

2.—Professor Johnson, I’m afraid I can’t finish the report within this week.

—______. How about next week?

A.Good for you        B. It won’t bother me

C.t at all       D. That’s OK

【答案】1.D   2.D

8.Why not? 和isn’t it?

"Why not "is used to express agreement.用来表示同意,并不是问"为什么不可以?"。

联系:有些反意疑问句也并不是表示疑问,而是一种习惯,一种语气,如:

A: It’s fine, isn’t it? B:yes, it is, isn’t it?

【典例】

1.— Let’s go to a movie after work, OK?

—_______________

A.Not at all.    B.Why not?

C.Never mind.   D. What of it?

2.—How about putting some pictures into the report?

—________A picture is worth a thousand words.

A.No way.          B.Why not?

C.All right?       D. No matter.

【答案】1.B  2.B

9.Why not do something? 表建议做某事;why do something做某事没有必要

—It’s a long time since I saw my sister.

—_______________ her this weekend?

A.Why not visit      B. why not to visit

C.Why not visiting    D. Why don’t visit

【答案】A

10.Thank you

按照英语的习惯,别人赞美奉承自己时,应表示感谢,而不是中国式的谦虚。

【典例】

1.—What a beautiful picture you’ve drawn!

—______________

A.Not at all.           B. Thank you.

C.You’re great.        D. I’m proud of you

2.–Bruce, I really appreciate your handwriting.

—          .

A.I practice every day               B. Thank you very much

C.No, I don’t think so                D. Well, it’s not good enough

【答案】1.B      2.B

11.Not really

used, often in negative sentences, to reduce the force of sth you are saying:  I don’t really agree with that. It doesn’t really matter. 用于缓和语气,并不完全是,

‘Did you enjoy the book?’ ‘Not really’ (= ‘no’ or ‘not very much’).

比较: I don’t really know means that you are not sure about something;

I really don’t know emphasizes that you do not know.

【典例】

1.—"Could we put off the meeting?" she asked.

—"_________." He answered politely. "This is the only day everyone is available."

A.Not likely  B. Not exactly

C.Not nearly  D. Not really

2.—Have you been wasting time on computer games again?

— ____________. I’ve been studying a lot and I need a break.

A.No way     B.Not really

C.I don’t agree  D.I couldn’t agree more

【答案】1.D   2.B

12.No way

used to say that there is no possibility that you will do sth or that sth will happen:

【典例】

—I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her .

— ______________ . It was her fault .

A.A.No way B.Not possible

C.C.No chance D.Not at all

【答案】A

13.I’m sorry, but…

用以委婉地提出一个使对方不快的事实。

【典例】

—I’d like to invite you to dinner this Saturday,  Mr. Smith.

— ____________ .

A.Oh, no. Let’s not                    B. I’d rather stay at home

C.I’m very sorry, but I have other plans     D. Oh, no. That’ll be too much trouble

2.I hope you don’t mind me asking, _______ where did you buy those shoes?

C.so B. and C. yet D. but

【答案】1.C  2.D

14.Not at all

1.used as a polite reply after someone has thanked you

"Thanks for helping." "Not at all."

2.used to say ‘no’ or ‘not’ strongly

"Was he a nuisance?" "No, not at all."

I’m not at all happy about it.

【典例】

—Do you mind if I record your lecture?

— ___________. Go ahead.

A.Never mind  B. No way

C.Not at all  D. No, you’d better not

【答案】C

15.Help yourself.

to give something to someone or to take something for yourself

"Might I have some more bread?" "Please, help yourself !"

Help在这里是"拿、取"之意,多用于食物,也可用于其它东西。

【典例】

—Do you think I could borrow your dictionary ?

—  _____________.

A.Yes, you may borrow    B. Yes, you could

C. Yes, help yourself      Yes, go on

2.—Do you think I could borrow your bicycle?

—_________

A. How come? B. Take your time.

C. Yes, go on      D. Yes, help yourself.

【答案】1.C  2.D

16.Go ahead

【典例】

1.—I wonder if I could possibly use your car for tonight?

—____________. I’m not using it anyhow.

A.Sure, go ahead      B. I don’t know

C. Yes, indeed         I don’t care

2.—I probably shouldn’t have any more cake.

—Oh, ______. It won’t kill you.

A.go ahead    B. hold on, please

C.you’re welcome    D. that’ll do

【答案】1.A  2.A

17.Come on

1.come on  近义于NOT BELIEVE

informal , used to tell someone that you do not believe them or that you disagree with them, or to show that you are angry with them 得了吧。(表示不相信,不同意或生气)

Oh come on, Ian, you made the same excuse last week!2.come on phrasal verb HURRY

said to encourage someone to do something, especially to hurry or try harder, or to tell you something 快点,加油,

Come on  we’re going to be late if you don’t hurry!

Come on, Annabelle, you can tell me. I won’t tell anyone.

【典例】

1.—Now, where is my purse?

—_________! We’ll be late for the picnic.

A.Take your time B. Don’t worry

C.Come on D. Take it easy

2.—It’ll take at least 2 hours to do this!

—Oh, _______. I could do it in 30 minutes.

A.come on        B. pardon me       C. you are right    D. don’ t mention it

【答案】1.C  2.A

18.Forget it

1.used to tell someone that what they want is impossible

I’d like to take a week’s holiday." "Forget it, we’re way too busy."

2.used to tell someone that something is not important and not to worry about it

"I’m so sorry about that cup." "Oh, forget it – I’ve got plenty."

【典例】

–I’d like to take a week’s holiday.

—________, we’re too busy.

A.Don’t worry B. Don’t mention it

C.C. Forget it Pardon me

【答案】C

19.It’s up to you.

—What do you want to do next? We have half an hour until the basketball game.

—_______. Whatever you want to do is fine with me.

A.It just depends B.It’s up to you

C.All right D. Glad to hear that

【答案】B

So what

used to mean ‘it’s not important’ and ‘I don’t care’ 那又怎样?

【典例】

— Andrew won’t like it, you know.

—   ______? I don’t care what Andrew thinks!

A.So what          B. So where

C.So  why          D. So how

【答案】A

20.Take your time.与take it easy.

Take your time: to use as much time as you need without hurrying: 不急,慢慢来

Take it easy:  used to tell sb not to be worried or angry: 别担心, 别生气

Take it easy; we’ve got plenty of time

【典例】

—Can I look at the menu for a few more minutes before I decide?

—Of course. _____ sir.

A Make yourself at home   B. Enjoy yourself

C.It doesn’t matter   D.Take your time

【答案】D

21.How do you find…

有时how do you find sth. ?是问你觉得某物怎么样,同What do you think of….? How do you like..?意思相近。

【典例】

—How did you find your visit to Qingdao, Joanna?

—______

A.Oh, wonderful indeed                        B. I went the alone

C.First by train and then by ship               D. A guide showed me the way

【答案】A

22.How come?

"怎么回事?怎么搞的?为什么?怎么会这样?"通常用在你觉得奇怪而问为什么的时候。

【典例】

—I don’t think I’ll be able to go mountain-climbing tomorrow.

—______?

A.And how B. How come

C.How’s it going D. How about it

【答案】B

1. (2017江苏卷) —What does the stuff on your T­shirt mean?

—It’s nothing. Just something ________.

A.as clear as day

CB.off the top of my head

C.under my nose

D.beyond my wildest dreams

2.(2017江苏卷) —Going to watch the Women’s Volleyball Match on Wednesday?

—________!Will you go with me?

A.You there                B.You bet

C.You got me            D. You know better

3. (2017天津卷) —Albert’s birthday is on next Saturday, and I’m planning a surprise party for him.

—________. I’ll bring some wine.

A.Sounds like fun         B.It depends

C.Just a minute         D. You are welcome

4. (2017天津卷) —Michael was late for Mr Smith’s chemistry class this morning.

—________? As far as I know, he never came late to class.

A.So what      B.Why not

C.Who cares      D.How come

5.(2016·江苏卷)—Only those who have a lot in common can get along well.

— . Opposites sometimes do attract.

A.I hope not B.I think so

C.I appreciate that D.I beg to differ

6.(2016·天津卷) —It was a wonderful trip. So, which city did you like better, Paris or Rome?

—______. There were good things and bad things about them.

A.It’s hard to say           B. I didn’t get it

C.You must be kidding      D. Couldn’t be better

7.(2016·天津卷) —I’m thinking of going back to school to get another degree.

—Sounds great!_____.

A.It all depends       B. Go for it

C.Never mind        D. No wonder

8.(2016·浙江卷) —Are you sure you’re ready for the best?

—_________. I’m well prepared for it.

A.I’m afraid not        B. No problem

C.Hard to say      D. Not really

9.(2016·浙江卷)—The movie starts at 8:30,and we can have a quick bite before we go

   ______   .See you at 8:10

A.So long   B. Sounds great

C.Good luck   D.Have a good time

10.(2015·天津卷) —Sorry, Liz. I think I was a bit rude to you.

—________, but don’t do that again!

A.Go ahead B. Forget it

C.It depends D. With pleasure

高考英语

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2020-1-19 14:52:29

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高考英语考点——阅读理解主旨大意题

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